Female Infertility

Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant despite trying for one year, in women under age 35, or despite trying for six months in women 35 and over.

What Causes Female Infertility

Female infertility can be related to problems with the ovaries, the quality of eggs, the uterus, or the fallopian tubes. Female fertility evaluations have multiple elements because female infertility can have a variety of causes.

Blocked Fallopian Tubes

Problems with the fallopian tubes, such as tubal blockage, account for about 30% of female infertility problems. Blocked tubes and scar tissue can also be caused by abdominal infections such as appendicitis, prior surgeries, or endometriosis. IVF specialists in Spain test for problems on the fallopian tubes by performing an HSG. This test evaluates problems in both the uterus and the fallopian tubes.

Ovulation Issues

Disorders of the ovaries account for nearly 30% of female factor infertility. Many women have premenstrual symptoms (bloating, breast tenderness) a few days before their menses. This is a good sign that you ovulate. Some women may have regular bleeding, but may not actually ovulate. IVF specialists in Spain may evaluate if this is occurring by defining your levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) or luteinizing hormone (LH), which are made by the pituitary gland in order to stimulate egg development in the ovary.

Polycystic Ovaries (PCOS)

As one of the most common causes of infertility, polycystic ovaries is a disease that affects one in five women. PCOS is a disease where one or both ovaries are covered in multiple cysts. Affecting pre-menopausal women, cysts prevent the ovaries producing enough hormones to stimulate egg production.


Endometriosis is a problem many women have during childbearing years. The endometrium is tissue that normally lines the uterus, and in endometriosis, it grows outside the uterus, sometimes causing abdominal discomfort or even severe pain.

IVF Clinics in Spain

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